Various palatoplasty techniques have limited incisions in the hard palate due to concerns that these incisions may limit maxillary growth. There is little convincing long-term evidence to support this.
The anatomy of the palate has been extensively described, with a predominant focus on palatal musculature. There are no biomechanical studies investigating the effects of surgical maneuvers on the palate to aid cleft closure.
Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) is classically described as a triad of micrognathia, glossoptosis, and airway obstruction. Infants frequently present at birth with a hypoplastic mandible and difficulty breathing. The smaller mandible displaces the tongue posteriorly, resulting in obstruction of the airway.
Common variations in morphology of the medial crura have been described. The authors’ observation is that changes in nasal tip projection depend on the shape and strength of the medial crura. The authors investigated how differences in medial crura shape affect tip projection after surgical intervention.
Dressings that employ a clear film and have a high moisture vapour transmission rate have been shown to reduce both the rate of blistering and wound discharge. The additional expense inherent in using such dressings may, in reality, prove cost-effective
An exploratory prospective cohort study was conducted on 26 patients undergoing TNP. The Cardiff Wound Impact Schedule (CWIS), a wound-specific tool, was used to investigate quality-of-life scores before therapy and four weeks after therapy or at wound closure.
Beta (H) blockers are indicated for use in coronary artery disease (CAD). However, optimal therapy for people with CAD accompanied by intermittent claudication has been controversial because of the presumed peripheral haemodynamic consequences of beta blockers, leading to worsening symptoms of intermittent claudication.
Craniofacial anthropometry by direct caliper measurements is a common method of quantifying the morphology of the cranial vault. New digital imaging modalities including computed tomography and three-dimensional photogrammetry are similarly being used to obtain craniofacial surface measurements.